What Is A Jumbo Loan?

People often have questions about what types of mortgages are available to them, especially what is a jumbo loan? A jumbo loan is one of many different types of home loans and it is different from a conventional mortgage. It is important to consider all of your financing options, including jumbo loans, when buying a house.

How Much is a Jumbo Loan?

A jumbo loan, unlike other mortgages, exceeds the limits set by the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA). The FHFA sets limits on the total amount that can be borrowed. This limit is set annually, but it does not change that much year on year. A jumbo loan is a mortgage that exceeds this limit, allowing you to borrow more. Consequently, there are different underwriting rules and tax implications. So, the short answer to the question of what is a jumbo loan is that it’s a loan that lets you buy more expensive properties. It cannot be purchased, guaranteed, or securitized by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac. The value of jumbo loans is different in every state and sometimes, the county.

Jumbo loans generally cannot be used to purchase a HomePath or HomeSteps property as these properties are geared towards conforming loan programs.

How Does this Work?

Now that we have answered the question of what a jumbo loan is, we can look at how they work. If you want to obtain a loan that is more than $726,200 you may need a jumbo loan. You will be subjected to potentially stricter credit requirements than you would with a traditional mortgage. You are borrowing more money so, as a result, there is a higher level of risk. Therefore, lenders have more rigorous minimum requirements as these loans are not sold back to the government, rather than to investors. Although they differ from standard mortgages, jumbo loans must meet the requirements of a qualified mortgage and usually they are stricter since it is a higher loan amount.

You should have an excellent credit score in order to get a jumbo mortgage. Your debt-to-income ratio should also be very low. Ideally, depending on the lender, it should be below 45% and closer to 36%, if possible. Additionally, lenders will require you to prove that you have easily accessible cash to cover your expenses. All borrowers must provide at least 30 days worth of pay stubs and W2’s. The requirements are generally stricter if you are self-employed. If you are self-employed, a year-to-date profit and loss along with tax returns going back at least two years. It would be ideal to show liquid assets at least equal to six months of the mortgage payments.

What is the Interest Rate Like?

Jumbo loan interest rates can vary, usually they are higher than traditional loans. The average interest rate for a jumbo loan at times can be on par with traditional mortgages and, in some cases, even lower, so it really depends on various factors.

What LTV?

Similarly, down payments on jumbo loans are decreasing too. Lenders traditionally asked buyers to put down a larger payment for a jumbo loan. However, they are now willing to accept a smaller down payment, similar in size to that needed for a traditional mortgage. That said, there are still benefits to saving a larger down payment. Putting in more upfront will reduce monthly costs and can reduce interest rates. Additionally, it will increase your chances of securing a jumbo mortgage.

Dream Home

If you are wondering what a jumbo loan is useful for, it all depends on the type of home you want to buy. In situations where your dream home is expensive and you need to borrow more than the FHFA limit, a jumbo loan is the best option. They are most appropriate for high-earners that can demonstrate they have the capital to comfortably pay the mortgage. This group is often referred to as high earners. This means that they have high income and have the savings to buy an expensive property such as one in Miami Dade County. You should also consider the strength of your retirement accounts. People that take out jumbo loans tend to have larger retirement savings accounts as they have saved for the larger home.

Jumbo loans have a lot of benefits and they are ideal in situations where the FHFA limits restrict your borrowing power. However, borrowing a large amount of money always brings risks with it. Homebuyers should speak with MortgageQuote.com to weigh up the benefits and drawbacks before making a decision.

Understanding Jumbo Loans: A Guide to High-Value Mortgage Financing

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on jumbo loans, your go-to resource for understanding high-value mortgage financing. In this article, we'll demystify the world of jumbo loans, providing you with all the essential information you need to make informed decisions about this specialized form of borrowing.

If you're looking to purchase a luxury home or refinance an existing one, jumbo loans may be the ideal solution. Designed for properties that exceed the conforming loan limit set by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, jumbo loans offer borrowers financing options that cater to their unique needs.

We'll delve into the key features of jumbo loans, explore the eligibility requirements, and highlight the benefits and potential drawbacks of this type of mortgage financing. Additionally, we'll provide you with expert tips on how to navigate the jumbo loan application process successfully.

Whether you're a high-net-worth individual or simply considering buying a higher-priced property, our guide will equip you with the knowledge required to make the best financial choices. So, let's dive in and unlock the world of jumbo loans together.

What are jumbo loans?

Jumbo loans are mortgage loans that exceed the conforming loan limits set by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. These loan limits are the maximum amount of money that these government-sponsored entities are willing to guarantee for a mortgage. In most areas, the conforming loan limit is $548,250 for a single-family home, but it can be higher in high-cost areas.

Since jumbo loans exceed these limits, they are considered non-conforming loans. They are designed for borrowers who need to finance high-value properties, such as luxury homes. Jumbo loans offer borrowers financing options that cater to their unique needs and enable them to purchase or refinance properties that would otherwise be out of reach.

How do jumbo loans work?

Jumbo loans work similarly to conventional mortgage loans, but with a few key differences. First and foremost, jumbo loans involve larger loan amounts, which means borrowers are taking on more risk and lenders require additional documentation and stricter underwriting standards.

To obtain a jumbo loan, borrowers need to have a solid credit history, a stable source of income, and a low debt-to-income ratio. Lenders typically require a down payment of at least 20% to mitigate the risk associated with these larger loan amounts.

Jumbo loans also come with higher interest rates compared to conventional loans. This is because lenders are taking on more risk by financing a larger loan amount. However, the exact interest rate will depend on various factors, such as the borrower's credit score, loan-to-value ratio, and the current market conditions.

What Is A Jumbo Loan?

Benefits of jumbo loans

Jumbo loans offer several benefits for borrowers who are in the market for high-value properties. One of the main advantages is the ability to finance properties that exceed the conforming loan limits. This opens up opportunities for borrowers to purchase their dream homes or invest in high-end real estate.

Another benefit of jumbo loans is the flexibility they offer. Borrowers have the option to choose from various loan terms, such as fixed-rate or adjustable-rate mortgages. This allows borrowers to tailor the loan to their specific financial goals and preferences.

Additionally, jumbo loans can provide tax benefits for borrowers. Since the interest paid on a mortgage is tax-deductible, borrowers with jumbo loans may be able to enjoy significant tax savings.

Qualifying for a jumbo loan

Qualifying for a jumbo loan requires meeting specific eligibility requirements set by lenders. These requirements are typically more stringent compared to conventional loans due to the larger loan amounts involved.

First and foremost, lenders will assess the borrower's creditworthiness. A strong credit history with a high credit score is crucial to secure a jumbo loan. Lenders generally look for a minimum credit score of 700, although some may require an even higher score.

Income verification is another critical aspect of qualifying for a jumbo loan. Lenders will scrutinize the borrower's income sources and stability, looking for proof of consistent earnings. In some cases, lenders may require additional documentation, such as tax returns and bank statements, to verify the borrower's financial stability.

Jumbo loan interest rates

Jumbo loans typically come with higher interest rates compared to conforming loans. This is due to the increased risk associated with financing larger loan amounts. Lenders charge higher interest rates to compensate for this risk.

However, the exact interest rate a borrower will receive on a jumbo loan depends on various factors. These factors include the borrower's credit score, debt-to-income ratio, loan-to-value ratio, and the current market conditions. It's essential for borrowers to shop around and compare rates from different lenders to secure the most favorable terms.

Jumbo loan limits

Jumbo loan limits vary depending on the location of the property. In most areas, the conforming loan limit is $548,250 for a single-family home. However, in high-cost areas, such as major metropolitan cities, the limit can be significantly higher.

It's crucial for borrowers to be aware of the jumbo loan limits in their specific area to determine whether they need to seek jumbo financing. Exceeding the loan limit set by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac means borrowers will have to apply for a jumbo loan.

Jumbo loan vs. conforming loan

The main difference between a jumbo loan and a conforming loan is the loan amount. Conforming loans adhere to the loan limits set by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, while jumbo loans exceed these limits.

Besides the loan amount, there are other differences between the two loan types. Jumbo loans often have stricter eligibility requirements, higher down payment requirements, and higher interest rates compared to conforming loans. Borrowers considering jumbo loans should carefully evaluate their financial situation and determine which loan type is the best fit for their needs.

Jumbo loan requirements

To qualify for a jumbo loan, borrowers need to meet specific requirements set by lenders. As previously mentioned, lenders typically require a minimum credit score of 700 or higher. Additionally, borrowers should have a stable source of income and a low debt-to-income ratio. Lenders will also consider the loan-to-value ratio, which is the ratio of the loan amount to the appraised value of the property. Most lenders prefer a loan-to-value ratio of 80% or lower for jumbo loans.

Jumbo loan lenders

When it comes to jumbo loans, it's essential to work with lenders who specialize in this type of financing. Not all lenders offer jumbo loans, and those that do may have different requirements and terms.

It's recommended to research and compare lenders who offer jumbo loans to find the best fit for your financial needs. Working with an experienced jumbo loan lender can make the application process smoother and increase your chances of approval.


In conclusion, jumbo loans provide borrowers with the opportunity to finance high-value properties that exceed the conforming loan limits. While they come with stricter eligibility requirements and higher interest rates compared to conventional loans, jumbo loans offer flexibility and tax benefits for borrowers.

If you're considering purchasing a luxury home or refinancing an existing one, understanding the intricacies of jumbo loans is crucial. By familiarizing yourself with the eligibility requirements, loan limits, and lender options, you can make informed decisions and navigate the jumbo loan application process successfully.

Remember to consult with a financial advisor or mortgage professional to assess your specific financial situation and determine whether a jumbo loan is the right choice for you. With the right knowledge and guidance, you can unlock the world of jumbo loans and achieve your real estate goals.