A Merkle Tree was a main focal point in Satoshi Nakamoto’s paper called “Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System“. Satoshi Nakamoto is an unknown person that as of 2021 is a multi-billionaire. The first transaction was from Satoshi sending 50 BTC (Bitcoin) to Hal Finney (@halfin) on January 12, 2009; Finney then tweeted about it stating “running bitcoin”. Think of this as a structure similar to DNA.

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What is a merkle tree ?